2 T U E S D AY @ M E D I C A The potential insights are invaluable; we should not waste this source Medical data mining The treasure trove of healthcare data waiting to be explored in German hospitals is immense and could provide invaluable insights. However, what about data security and privacy? Andreas Klüter, CTO of Empolis Information Management GmbH, a new business entry in healthcare IT, spoke with European Hospital about medical text mining and the need for ethics discussion. Thirty years ago Empolis Information Management GmbH began its role in smart data processing and service optimisation. Giving the example of involvement with call centres, Andreas Klüter, CTO of Empolis said, ‘We devel- oped software that provides decision trees for call centre staff to help them get straight to the customer’s problem and its solution. Our vision is that “no one must ever make wrong decisions again” and our new mission is derived from this vision: “utilise all informa- tion to provide the right recommenda- tions”.’ ‘Text mining and linguistics are the tools of our trade, also in healthcare. We developed a solution that retro- spectively analyses free text medical reports, using a number of criteria. We do this with the help of mature artificial intelligence technologies, such as deep learning or case-based reasoning. ‘Our partner Smart Reporting con- tributes the clinical process know-how. We fused their know-how and our technology in their prototype module called Smart Radiology. ‘Now we can partially structure unstructured data. So far this works with existing reports that we analyse retrospectively. However, we are in the s i l o p m E f o y s e t r u o C process of developing a prototype that hints at which type of data might be missing, in order to arrive at a complete or guideline-compliant diagnosis of a certain pathology during the process of gathering findings. This might help to achieve a much higher degree of standardisation in findings and clinical reports. ‘Our analysis is based on approxi- mately 150,000 anonymised reports, focusing on the 40,000 brain CTs included in these reports. Our aim was to determine the level of quality of the findings, to figure out whether certain trends are discernible and whether the different hospitals have different refer- ral and requirement patterns for imag- ing procedures. However, we do not intend to conduct further studies.’ ‘While we initially focused on brain CTs to create a knowledge model that allows us to analyse the data, we do plan to cover all anatomies, step by step. In addition we want to analyse the results of other imaging modalities such as MR scans. ‘Data security and privacy are immensely important issues. Therefore only the study principals receive the results and they decide how the data will be used,’ he explained. ‘We can show trends, but it is not for us to decide whether a trend indicates a problem. ‘We need this debate on artificial intelligence from the very beginning. However: In my opinion the computer cannot do everything better and it won’t be able to do everything better, even though it can perform increasingly complex tasks. ‘There was a very telling experi- ment recently where artificial intelli- gence was used to “train” a com- puter in Shakespearean language and then the computer was asked to write a book. The result: The machine’s choice of words was indeed rather “Shakespearean” but the text was completely devoid of meaning. That clearly shows the current stage of AI. ‘Having said that, there are advanc- es, and we need to discuss how we are For over 20 years, Andreas Klüter, CTO of Empolis Information Management GmbH in Kaiserslautern, Germany, has focused on developing systems for intelligent information processing. From 1994 on he was instrumental in realising the “Verbmobil”, the worldwide first research prototype for fully automated translation of spoken language at the German Research Centre for Artificial Intelligence. During his tenure as Head of Development at ORBIS, he gathered profound knowledge of healthcare IT. As CTO of Empolis Klüter is in charge of the company‘s product portfolio and the business division eHealth. going to deal with the new insights and which approach we will choose. It’s a long process for a society to agree on a path, but this consensus is necessary and we have to embark on this journey now. To do nothing, I’m sure, is the wrong decision. ‘The archives of German hospitals are full of text and image data wait- ing to be used, data that might really advance clinical research. The tech- nological obstacles are surmountable today, the potential insights are invalu- able. We should not waste this source.’ Launching: A vibrant colour monitor The 27-inch medical trade 4K-monitor A major addition to Ikegami’s range of surgical monitors is being launched at Medica this year. ‘The new MLW- 2750HD is a 27-inch 4K UHD display in a shallow-profile configuration, fully optimised for use in operating rooms,’ the manufacturer reports. ‘With its 800 cd/m² high brightness IPS 8 megapixel display panel, this new monitor improves the efficiency of medical teams by enabling precise observation of picture detail and allowing high quality picture-in-pic- ture image presentation. ‘The IPS panel provides accurate colour reproduction across the full colour spectrum with smooth image graduation well into the deep red. Video can be viewed in a Standard Picture switch setting or Picture Enhancement Function can be selected. Picture Enhancement mode delivers Wide Dynamic Range,’ the firm explains, ‘to ensure high quality display reproduction right through to the dark and bright areas of the incoming video signals. ‘The MLW-2750HD is ideal for use with Ikegami MKC series cam- eras, providing optimal picture qual- ity with the 4K UHD MKC-750UHD and Full HD models. Auto brightness/ contrast stabilisation functions are included to ensure the most accurate and consistent shading possible for medical imaging. Gamma options and DICOM Part 14 standard con- figuration can also be selected when required. A user pre-set function allows easy adjustment and storage of the display mode and image setup parameters.’ Additional technical parameters include 10-bit colour display, 1000:1 contrast ratio, 14 millisecond typical on/off response time and fan-less cooling. Weighing only 7.7kg, the MLW-2750UHD makes the system useable with medical transport carts, and more. Set in hygienic silver-grey housing the monitor also has anti-reflection and anti-finger mark screen surface. The IP35 rated front panel and IP32 rated rear panel ensure high-lev- el protection from dust and water during surgery and post-operation cleaning. » ‘A wide range of interface facili- ties are provided, including full com- patibility with 4K UHD HDMI 2.0 and DisplayPort (Ver.1.2) for UHD resolution (3840 x 2160) at 50/60Hz refresh rate,’ the maker continues. ‘HD resolution 3G-SDI and DVI-D are also supported. An RS-232C remote control port is provided plus a USB port for hardware configuration.’ The MLW-2750 is being demon- strated at Medica 2017 as part of a complete system, including Ikegami’s latest generation 4K UHD medical cameras. The IPS panel provides accurate colour reproduction across the full colour spectrum with smooth image graduation well into the deep red Ikegami is at Medica Hall 10 / Stand B12 High frequency plastic welding The British high frequency welding firm Speed Plastics offers its expert engineers to design and develop from concept to finished commercial product. The company partners a number of medical manufacturers, working as an extension to their in-house capabilities. The range of manufac- turing techniques includes ultrasonic welding, CNC machine cutting, tool making, sewing and screen-printing – and, the firm reports the team ‘ensures lead times are short and products are made to the highest quality’. Operations Director Jane Collyer, said: ‘Healthcare is a key market for us and Medica is a great platform to showcase the bespoke engineering solutions we have to offer.’ Speed Plastics is at Medica Hall 16 / Stand G18-5 » EH @ MEDICA No 2 2017 Made in Francewww.ecmscan.comECHO CONTROL MEDICALPortable ultrasound Hall 9 Stand B 47
T U E S D AY @ M E D I C A 3 The power of mobile intelligent information systems Structuring data collection and diagnosis Today’s healthcare IT market offers myriads of so-called comprehensive solutions to digitise administrative processes. However, in real life, long and verbose diagnoses and medi- cal findings - and even paper-based documentation - are still widespread. To meet regulations, generating written findings and reports account for over half of a hospital’s daily work. Radiologists need greater effi- ciency due to increasing costs and competition. To that end, mobile IT specialist cobago has developed cobago SIX, to provide instant struc- tured reporting and workflow man- agement. ‘The “classical way” is not only time-consuming but highly error- prone,’ the firm points out. ‘Reports also consist of multiple media types, such as texts, DICOM images and other data. This complicates central archiving and re-use in subsequent processes: It´s high time to use the power of mobile and intelligent infor- mation systems to increase the effi- ciency of medical staff and increase overall documentation quality.’ cobago SIX turns tablet computers into mobile digital assistants for doc- umentation and valuation of medical Dr. rer. nat. Dieter Kramps has more than 25 years of ITC experience in management and executive positions. Today he is CEO of the mobile specialist cobago GmbH in Dortmund, Germany, focusing on cross industry mobile solutions, IoT, cloud, security and predictive analytics. He has worked on pioneer electronic patient records, assisted T-Systems and Visus in introducing a long term archiving cloud service; worked for Materna, mbp (later EDS) and VEW. Kramps studied Computer Science/Electrical Engineering in Dortmund and received his Dr. rer. nat. degree in Hagen. seamlessly integrated into virtually any hospital IT infrastructure.’ Thus diagnosis quality is optimised, results categorised and standardised, and findings become comparable and digitally searchable - without any further action of a physician, the report points out. Obvious advantages Productivity increases for a given staff, process cost decreases - through reduction of data collection errors and more so through growing transparency of the whole radiologic examination process, cobago adds. ‘Team members are able to focus even more on the patient and their own core competencies, rather than fighting the perfidy of different tools for texting, layout and data storage. Central organisation and IT benefit from unified digital formats, reliable and precise examination documenta- tions, from automatic compliance to regulations and standards - and from complete accounting informa- tion records.’ facts on-site and in a doctor´s office. ‘Due to its architecture and func- tion, SIX is optimal for structured data collection and diagnosis in radi- ology and other medical faculties. At first SIX offers structured scheme based fact collection, image add- ing, signature and auto-forwarding – this all based on intelligent case- dependent (case-aware) self-modify- ing checklists. ‘Based on this, SIX automatically creates uniformly structured docu- ments and, in parallel, digital data for subsequent analytics, compara- tive evaluation and handover to third party medical information systems.’ As an example, cobago reports, ‘a SIX checklist documents a CT or MRT of the thorax with suspected carcinoma. The radiologist - using his tablet - completes a predefined thorax carcinoma checklist with the respective parameters. These may include written or spoken text, numbers, checkboxes and dropdown text selectors, as well as signatures, files and images. Important key indicators are calcu- lated and plausibilities are checked straightaway. Non conformities and errors are automatically identified and can be corrected at once.’ Automated collection, valuation, analytics and retrieval ‘In the subsequent workflow, the signed document is transferred to a central location. Here a complete, semantically correct and ready to print report of text elements plus embedded photos and signatures is automatically generated. ‘All data are additionally stored in a database and can be analysed one by one or as a whole,’ the company confirms. cobago SIX is an open, highly flex- ible, customisable ecosystem. ‘It can be easily adapted to different medical use cases and requirements, starting with the definition of checklists and ending with gateways to third party information systems and subsequent processes, on-site or at other sector locations,’ cobago points out. ‘For this reason the SIX ecosystem can not only be adjusted to different content and processual requirements but also BBI Solutions acquires Maine Biotechnology Services DELIVERING OVER 27 YEARS OF ANTIBODY EXPERTISE TO OUR CUSTOMERS Reduce risks and shorten timelines by developing the right antibody, first time. Visit us at Hall BA, Stand BABO2-1 +44 (0) 2920 767 499 I firstname.lastname@example.org I www.bbisolutions.com www.mainebiotechnology.com EH @ MEDICA No 2 2017
4 T U E S D AY @ M E D I C A Tech firms, doctors and hospitals need greater cohesion AI could enhance or disrupt healthcare He concludes that if healthcare can work cohesively with technol- ogy firms and that they look ahead together regarding AI, he believes money will be saved and duplication reduced of competing companies in the same space. Report: Mark Nicholls Artificial intelligence (AI) has enor- mous potential to revolutionise the delivery of healthcare, being able to remove the drudgery of routine tasks, join up fragmented care records, trig- ger alerts when abnormal results occur, speed-up the process of iden- tifying clusters of patients by digging deep into electronic health records, and increase efficiency of healthcare staff resources. Yet to achieve its potential, there needs to be greater cohesion between digital technology companies, clini- cians and hospitals if AI can enhance rather than disrupt healthcare in this early phase of its establishment, according to consultant cardiologist Dr Ameet Bakhai, deputy director of research at the Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust. Speaking with European Hospital prior to his presentation ‘AI in health- care – delivery in diagnosis’ at the UK Digital Healthcare Transfor mation Summit 2017 in London on 12-13 December, Bakhai explained that hospitals are at different stages of evolution in working with SMEs and large corporations in embracing digi- tal technology and AI. ‘Some are making small incremental changes, others are some years ahead and being innovative, while some are still in the traditional healthcare setting of the 1990s,’ he pointed out. ‘There are clinicians now willing to engage in trying out or helping to integrate a new technology; at the Royal Free Hospital we are blessed with key clini- cians open to the role of digital tech- nologies, such as remote monitoring companies, but across the NHS very few clinicians are doing that.’ Bakhai warned that the lack of a unified information share or strategy approach to how digital technologies as a group work with the NHS is an issue. Whereas the pharmaceutical sec- tor has a strategy, with manufacturers aware of each other’s technologies, and registering and publishing in advance their on-going clinical trials and seeking peer review early, digital technology companies tend to crowd the same space without a cohesive approach to broader development of AI and innovation. AI is currently impacting on some areas, such as diabetes, self-man- agement of epilepsy and rare kid- ney diseases. Other companies are interrogating databases to identify patients who meet certain criteria for a clinical trial, and some deliver software to track patients and ensure timely follow-up after procedures. ‘They are removing the drudg- ery from some of things that we used to have to do manually, with more robustness and security,’ Bakhai added. Also in development, he said, are companies creating disease spe- cific avatars to help patients monitor and self-manage conditions - such as diabetes or heart failure – to remind them of appointments, scans, inform them about medication or their test results and to motivate patients to take exercise and their medications, for example. While all at different stages of development and affordability, other companies use AI tools to gather data that will trigger clinical input when required, often earlier than patients recognise symptoms, thereby preventing unplanned hospitalisation, he pointed out. k c o t s r e t t u h S / r i i m d a l V o k n e h c n a P : e c r u o S Some innovations support multidisciplinary teams across different centres to co-ordinate data and decisions and ensure these are relayed back to each hospital or centre, patients, GPs and social care teams Other innovations support mul- tidisciplinary teams across different centres to co-ordinate data and deci- sions and ensure these are relayed back to each hospital or centre, patients, GPs and social care teams. However, the lack of joined-up working between the AI companies concerns the consultant, particularly with no generalised database of AI interventions existing, unlike pharma- ceutical clinical trials. There is also no standardised consensus and guidance on measuring the impact of a clinical trial using AI technologies. ‘Another aspect we don’t know much about is how AI will disrupt the staff economy,’ he observed. ‘Will we be able to release staff from repeti- tive, low-impact work and reduce staff shortages in the NHS, and which staff are going to be impacted on most – doctors, nurses, healthcare professionals, pharmacists, managers or administrators?’ To ensure AI can fulfil its potential in a healthcare setting, Bakhai sug- gests a Faculty of Clinicians in Digital Healthcare or AI to support a more cohesive approach of these technolo- gies in healthcare. Touching on security, he said: ‘We think we are less in a risk area with digital technology – but look at the impact of the recent Ransomware attacks in the NHS.’ Ideally, he would like to see doctors, entrepreneurs, technologists, coders and others working more cohesively and for cli- nicians – while still active in clinical practice - working alongside digital technologies to conduct research and create an evidence base on the value of AI interventions. ‘The way we measure AI value in healthcare is also going to be crucial,’ he emphasised. ‘Often, for digital technologies, we commission or introduce something with anec- dotal or superficial evidence, hoping it will have some benefit, but we haven’t really put them through the rigour that we’d use with any other intervention in healthcare.’ Konica Minolta introduces the Sonimage HS1 Lite. The new “Smart & Portable” Ultrasound System, which comprises the most important aspects for ultrasound users: Diagnostic Conﬁ dence Ease of Use Reliability Whether it is for Thyroid, Vascular, MSK or Abdominal exams, the Sonimage HS1 Lite is an economically attractive alternative for some, more bulky, cart-based systems. Based on its powerful fully digital platform and Konica Minolta’s in-house designed and manufactured transducers, Sonimage HS1 Lite delivers a real high image quality, in all of its imaging modes. PLEASE VISIT US AT MEDICA HALL 9 – BOOTH D68, TO SEE A DEMO! Konica Minolta Business Solutions Europe GmbH / medica.konicaminolta.eu It could also help companies design and better evaluate the tech- nology they offer and allow clinicians and hospitals to then be proactive, rather than reactive, in changing patient pathways. The all-in-one portable telemedicine station Small, smart and mobile ‘Visiomed, a French leader in medi- cal grade connected devices and ser- vices that advocate patient engage- ment as a primary component to maintaining good health, is proud to launch VisioCheck BW-XO7HD – the first scalable and connected mobile and evolving telemedicine station that weighs under 10.5 ounces,’ the company reports. ‘Developed on the Android platform, VisioCheck Mobile Telemedicine Station, class II medical device, CE marked and pending FDA approval, is an all-in-one portable solution to enhance the usability of telemedicine and connected health. ‘The device is a connected mobile station that facilitates all aspects of telemedicine for patients, hospital and general healthcare profession- als. VisioCheck provides a solution to support all aspects of telemedicine in terms of tele-expertise between healthcare professionals, tele-consul- tation between patients and health- care professionals and tele-monitor- ing between patients and medical platforms.’ Use like a smartphone The device is like a smartphone in features and size: it has a 10x6 cm colour LCD touchscreen, a high-def- » Visiomed is at Medica Hall 15 / Stand B50 EH @ MEDICA No 2 2017
T U E S D AY @ M E D I C A 5 Recognising pattern, predicting survival Machines are learning fast Consultant cardiologist Ameet Bakhai MD is deputy director of research at the British Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, and is himself a cardiac researcher. He undertakes the design and management of clinical trials, health economic modelling and patient pathway innovations. He is also a scientific advisor to NICE, health technology appraisal, pharma and device manufacturers and clinical trials organisations. VisioCheck is the size of a smartphone and has the same features The all-in-one portable telemedicine station Small, smart and Language recognition on the smartphone, spam filters in the e-mail programme, personalised product recommendations by Amazon or Netflix – all share one feature: they are based on an algorithm that recognises patterns in a set of data. This artificial generation of knowledge is called machine learning. Report: Michael Krassnitzer Radiology, in which huge data vol- umes are produced, is an increasingly important playground for machine learning. The analysis of quantita- tive image features in large medical databases is meant to allow statistic descriptions of tissue characteristics, diagnoses and course of diseases. At Imperial College, London, for example, a system called MALIBO (MAchine Learning In whole Body Oncology) is being developed that aims to detect tumours in whole-body MR images – without human inter- vention. So far, the system has looked at whole-body MRI scans of healthy volunteers to learn to identify organs and their components. The ‘teach- ers’ are radiologists who marked and named the structures to be recog- nised in the MRI scans. This enabled the systems to identify organs and their components fully automatically in new whole-body MRI scans. Two different methods of machine learning were tested in this project: the principle of artificial neuronal net- works that simulates the interaction of neurons in the brain, and so- called classification forests, i.e. large volumes of parallel decision-making paths. The former method was found to be superior to the latter. In the meantime MALIBO has entered phase 2, the recognition of primary tumours. ‘We have seen some good results in the detection of colorectal cancers,’ Dr Amandeep Sandhu Meng MBBS, a radiologist on the project team, reported. Training an algorithm using 200 images This ambitious research project is but one among many. A team at the University of Valencia (Spain) developed an algorithm that can identify and characterise indi- vidual vertebral bodies on CT scans of spinal columns. The algorithm, which was ‘trained’ on 200 images of healthy and diseased spinal columns, assesses 90 percent of scans it has not previously processed correctly. At Bari University (Italy) a research team evaluated a computer-assisted decision-making system (CAD), devel- oped to detect breast cancer lesions. Of 3,735 scans, 192 were considered suspicious, 102 were false positives, and four were false negatives. This promising predictive ratio would allow the CAD system to identify from large volumes of scans those breasts that do not require further examination. Teams at the University Hospitals of Zurich and Basel, Switzerland, jointly developed an analytical tool that can predict osteoporosis risk from a mul- titude of radiological images from different sources and varying qual- ity. Working with CT 179 images, dyed by radiologists, from 60 patients, the neuronal network learned to cull quantitative bone data. Moreover, at Basel University Hospital, PACS Crawler was developed – software to predict osteoporotic fractures risk High-resolution whole-body MR image of segmented structures from looking at CT scans. Last, but not least, a research team at Mainz University Hospital, Germany, developed an algorithm to predict liver transplant patient sur- vival based on pre-operative 3-D CT scans. In 80 percent of the cases the algorithm correctly predicted which patients would survive surgery for more than one year. Strangely enough, the research- ers don’t know how the algorithm arrived at its decisions. ‘That’s a bit like a crystal ball. We have no idea how it works – but it does work,’ said Dr Daniel Pinto dos Santos, Head of the research team Radiology Image and Data Science (radIDS). inition camera and a high-intensity flash for recording or photographing injuries and other wounds. Patients can share these snapshots instantly and safely, the firm adds. ‘They can also make phone calls, hold video conferences over Wi-Fi networks, and share data through the Secure Cloud with healthcare professionals or providers.’ The system also includes several medical devices e.g. blood pres- sure monitor, thermometer using Thermoflash technology, pulse oxi- meter, ECG monitor and blood sugar monitor. It is also compatible with all other Bluetooth enabled medi- cal devices, the manufacturer points out, especially the BewellConnect devices. ‘Easy to use, all data record- ed is uploaded to the patient’s chart automatically.’ All-in-one Developed by physicians using pat- ented technologies, BewellConnect is the only extensive ecosystem to cre- ate an all-in-one telemedicine station for medics to monitor patients easily, daily, and safely, and accurately, the firm confirms. ‘It is an ultra-portable, scalable solution to facilitate, simplify and improve the experience for all users of telemedicine and connected healthcare. Gathering all the data into one platform makes e-health accessible and available to patients and their doctors. EH @ MEDICA No 2 2017 Get in touch with the future Unsurpassed technology opens new visual worlds Ikegami᾿s medical equipment incorporates the most advanced video technology. High-performance Cameras, Recorders and Monitors used in conjunction with surgical microscopes or endoscopes reproduce clear, natural and brillant images – even now in 4K resolution. www.ikegami.de . email@example.com Hall 15 / Stand B50 at Medica 13 – 16 Nov 2017 Please visit us in Hall 10/B12
6 T U E S D AY @ M E D I C A We need to consider the bigger picture Big Data is an ethical decision! With all the advantages of big data we need to proactively reflect on the use of the data, warns Professor Reinhard Riedl, Head of the Department of Economics at Bern University of Applied Sciences in Switzerland. This turns Big Data into a primarily ethical challenge. Riedl prompts a discussion that has not yet been given enough thought. In all the discussions about big data the focus around the dangers involved tends to be on data secu- rity,’ says Professor Reinhard Riedl, who heads the economics depart- ment at Bern University of Applied Sciences. ‘Although this is a very important aspect, other issues also need to be addressed.’ The use of big data for research and medical practice is vital as the benefits are great. However, unpro- fessional use of big data can quickly turn into a nightmare – not only because of potential privacy viola- tions but also because of the situa- tions and issues that can suddenly confront people. ‘Making a system as secure as possible is not really a challenge these days but more an issue of cost. This is also the reason why the topics of data retention and data security are frequently not given enough consideration. Sometimes there simply aren’t the financial means available,’ Riedl admits. ‘But the much more important question is of a more philosophical nature: What is the right way of dealing with the data and the predictions it facilitates?’ This aspect has not yet attracted much public attention, given that the use of big data and the resulting opportunities for predictions raises issues of a psychological and emo- tional nature and increasingly forces doctors to take on the role of psy- chologists. The patient becomes more independent ‘Doctors are turning more and more into counsellors who provide emo- tional and psychological support for patients with their decision-making,’ Riedl explains to clarify this sensitive topic. The fact that patients are generally given more decision-making pow- ers is only one part of the story. The fact that they must not be left alone with this process is a very different part. ‘Explaining data to patients will ultimately always be a case- by-case decision for the doctor. At the moment, doctors are deliberately deciding what to tell patients – or not. Sometimes it can be more emo- tionally damaging to burden patients with knowledge than to withhold it,’ Riedl explains. But what happens when big data makes it possible to make predictions for the next 20 years? ‘Suddenly, much better information becomes available,’ says Riedl. ‘We collect a lot of stochastic knowledge, and in many spheres of life we will need regulations as to how we should handle this knowl- edge. The insurance market is a classic example, with personal data already being used to calculate indi- vidual risks and tariffs for customers,’ Riedl clarifies. ‘Those who are happy to be monitored by insurers often receive reduced premiums.’ By implication, this means that everybody is responsible for his or her own fate. ‘If people only receive favourable premiums when they live a healthy and row-risk lifestyle, what- ever the respective definition of this may be, or when they are penalised for an unhealthy, risky lifestyle, then we need to regulate how far this discrimination can be taken,’ Riedl cuts right to the core of the matter, and adds: ‘Nobody’s data situation is going to be entirely positive at each points in time and in all contexts.’ Data discrimination is a new term that we will hear a lot more about. But there still aren’t enough working groups involved with this subject. ‘Ultimately, it will have to be a politi- cal decision as to what knowledge we should and shouldn’t take into consideration,’ the IT expert empha- sises. Considering the conse- quences However, he also sees opportunities for autonomous use of data. ‘Article 20 of the European General Data Protection Regulation governs copy- right and portability of one’s data in machine-readable format. ‘This means that I can make my data avail- able on a platform which facilitates its utilisation for medical research under controlled conditions,’ Riedl explains. ‘But the problem is that we need to develop governance guide- lines which also take into account future risks and consequences. At the moment, the ideas around digital transformation are still very conven- tional. What makes the issue so diffi- cult though is that big data methods, such as machine learning, can be incredibly effective. ‘Not using big data is not an option, because it would be unethi- cal,’ he empahsises. Data evaluation has too many important advantages for medicine and people. ‘But it would also be unethical to use big data without thinking about the consequences.’ And: ‘As data providers we face the social question about the extent to which we worry Professor Reinhard Riedl gained his doctorate in pure mathematics and has researched issues surrounding the design and practical utilisation of IT solutions in various academic disciplines. He currently heads the interdisciplinary BFH-Research Centre ‘Digital Society’, in which researchers from more than ten academic disciplines and six faculties at Bern University of Applied Sciences in Switzerland work together. From 1995 – 2006 he edited the Zurich Cynical Theatre Index. He has presided over the International Society for New Music in Bern since 2015. about our security, and whether this concern makes us refuse to let our data be used. We can, of course, benefit from other people’s data without letting them benefit from ours, but when too many people act like this nobody will benefit. Big data raises important ethical issues for all of us. Everything depends on our overall approach!’ Dedicating time to patient care not paper work tion such as access plan, schedules or annotations of the medical imaging centre to be included. The digitisation of information flows can even help to save lives: the automation of ambulance and emergency processes enables direct transmission of patient information by an ambulance team. Ambulance and emergency forms are sent direct- ly to an ambulance team’s tablet. Once the hospital receives the data, medical staff prepares to receive the patient and provide timely treatment. Processes can also be improved by setting up optimal solutions for meeting accessibility requirements: since touch displays common in printing solutions are particularly dif- ficult for visually impaired people to operate, Konica Minolta offers a plastic, electrostatic film with braille which can be stuck onto the control panel of their printers. The braille contains the most frequent functions such as black/white or colour printing and paper tray choice. Overall, one of the biggest obsta- cles for optimised workflows in a Marian Kelly is an expert on IT processes in healthcare organisations. She works as International Business Development Manager in the International Marketing Division of Konica Minolta Business Solutions Europe GmbH. hospital is the proliferation of sys- tems: regardless of which proce- dures are involved, Konica Minolta has the expertise and experience to introduce automated workflows that bring substantial bottom-line benefits. Konica Minolta is looking forward to meeting their existing and potential clients at Medica 2017.” » Konica Minolta is at Medica Hall 9 / Stand D68 “Intelligent IT solutions are key in meeting today’s and tomorrow’s challenges in healthcare manage- ment. Ensuring patients get the atten- tion and individual care they need in time – in light of growing budget constraints and ever-increasing regu- lations, this is one of the key resource struggles healthcare organisations face today. Healthcare personnel only have as much time on their hands as they do. Therefore, the only way forward can be to unburden them from administrative tasks and enable them to focus on what they do best: caring for patients. This needs to be achieved through intelligent IT that doesn’t just do more of what it already does, but also enables healthcare organisations to optimise processes. This is what Konica Minolta is aim- ing for when offering solutions for IT workflows that automate document- related processes such as electronic health records (EHR), hospital infor- mation systems (HIS), digital admis- sion and discharge processes as well as invoicing and archiving solutions. This means less manual labour, faster information access and exchange while lowering costs. With Konica Minolta’s PDB (Print DICOM Booklet) solution, radiology results can be printed in a specially designed booklet for reference pur- poses, encompassing the DICOM images and examination reports that can be shared with any physi- cian. The integrated software and hardware solution meets the highest medical imaging needs, while print- ing on paper to reduce costs. The booklet also allows further informa- For the visually impaired: a plastic electrostatic film with braille can be stuck on the control panel of the printers EH @ MEDICA No 2 2017 t. +44 (0)2920 767 800e. firstname.lastname@example.orgFollow usFind us in Hall 16 Stand F42The widest range of single use suctions.www.susl.co.uk
T U E S D AY @ M E D I C A 7 Spanish researchers successfully create skin 3-D bio-printed organ is ‘just like the real thing’ In a spectacular development, Spanish researchers demonstrate for the first time that 3-D printing can be used to produce human skin deemed appropriate for transplants and testing applications. These neat ultrasound scanners suit regional anaesthesia, MSK, sports medicine, physiotherapy and more Ultrasound portability with image quality Bright and new come the revolu- tionary portable ultrasound scanners EXAPAD and EXAPAD mini which French manufacturer ECM Echo Control Medical reports were devel- oped in close collaboration with key opinion leaders in various medical fields. ‘Optimal image quality for a perfect visualisation, an intuitive and streamlined user interface for a fluid workflow and the unique and use- ful features EchoVoice, EchoPad and EchoVoice are amongst the features that are appreciated by the users all over the world,’ adds ECM, which has more than 30 years of experi- ence in portable battery-operated ultrasound devices. From the design over production to assembly, the firm reports that it controls the whole manufacturing chain and guarantees the highest quality for its ultrasound range. At ECM’s HQ, in Angouleme, France, the firm’s employees include physicians, electronic engineers, spe- cialists in embedded software, and medical imaging technicians. » ECM is at Medica Hall 9 / Stand B47 Molecular biologist José Luis Jorcano Noval is professor of Bioengineering and Aerospace Engineering at Carlos 3 University, Madrid (UC3M), Spain, and head of the Mixed Unit of UC3M and the Centre of Energetic, Environment Technologies Investigations (CIEMAT) in Biomedical Engineering. He co-invented eight patents, almost all related to skin technologies, and his most important work so far focuses on developing human skin in a lab. Originally a theoretical physicist, he received his doctorate in physics cum laude from Madrid Complutense University in 1976. Later, he gained his PhD in molecular biology at Max Planck Institute in Germany. Jorcano has received numerous awards for his work and has served on relevant committees for EU projects on the human genome and animal models and, between 2000 and 2007, he helped to draft national plans on biotechnology and health. the patient’s own cells. Use of this newly created skin in therapeutic indi- cations still needs to be approved by the relevant regulatory bodies before it becomes available. But things will go faster for industrial purposes. ‘Approval in this respect,’ Jorcano said, ‘is easier to obtain so I expect the product will be available by the end of the year.’ The prototype replicates the natural structure of the human skin Another advantage of using 3-D bio printed skin is that it offers optimal quality; this will improve toxicity testing of pharmaceutical and cosmetic prod- ucts, Jorcano believes. ‘Animal testing is banned for most of these applica- tions and, when it is authorised, only 10-15% of the cases can be extrapolat- ed to humans. So the industry increas- ingly needs in vitro human products,’ the professor explained Generating allogeneic skin With 3-D bio printing, a large bank of cells can be collected from a single biopsy and used in multiple indus- trial applications, such as testing for irritation or inflammation. In this set- ting, scientists generate allogeneic skin. In the case of a patient with severe burns, they will create autologous skin, i.e. tissue made case by case from k c o t s r e t t u h S / i i g r e S o k n e m e r a I : e c r u o S Report: Mélisande Rouger An impressive prototype 3-D bio printer developed by a team of Spanish scientists in collaboration with the BioDan group can create human skin almost as good as new. In an article published in Biofabrication earlier this year, scientists from Carlos III University (UC3M), the Center for Energy, Environmental and Technological Research (CIEMAT) and Gregorio Marañón General Hospital confirmed the long held suspicion that 3-D printing can reproduce perfectly functional human organs and tissues. ‘We have shown that this process is possible. 3-D printing of tissues and organs has been a largely commented on field over the past few years and we have demonstrated that 3-D technol- ogy can generate perfectly functional tissue, which has all the functional characteristics of the human skin,’ José Luis Jorcano Noval, one of the study authors, explained to European Hospital. Jorcano, a professor at UC3M’s department of Bioengineering and Aerospace Engineering and head of the Mixed Unit CIEMAT/UC3M in Biomedical Engineering, is a recognised expert in developing human skin in a lab. He explained the skin he obtained on the prototype is one of the first liv- ing human organs ever created using bio printing. It replicates the natural structure of the skin, i.e. the epidermis with its stratum corneum, which acts as protection against the external environ- ment, and the dermis, a thicker layer that produces collagen, the protein that gives elasticity and mechanical strength to the skin. Faster to produce Jorcano deemed the 3-D printed skin adequate for transplants, for instance in patients with major burns or serious skin diseases, or for use in research, or testing of chemical, cosmetic and phar- maceutical products. A major benefit of 3-D bio printing technology is that it fastens the produc- tion of new skin compared to manual methods used for the past eight years in clinical practice, Jorcano explained. ‘It used to take us three to four weeks to produce a layer of 1m ² of human skin from a 1 or 2 cm biopsy. Now, with 3-D, this process is much faster, because we have automatised and standardised the whole process. It’s also less expensive than manual production,’ he pointed out. EH @ MEDICA No 2 2017 ADLINK Medical Computers Enabling Top-Level OR Patient CareVisit us at Hall 10, Stand F40ADLINK TECHNOLOGY GmbHTel: +49-621-43214-0 -Germany@adlinktech.com -www.adlinktech.comOptimum Image ViewingEnhanced Patient SafetyEasy Cleaning and MaintenanceSuperior Product Longevity
Working together to deliver the future of measurements and monitoring Philips and Masimo have teamed up to provide a noninvasive, continuous, and real-time, hemoglobin (SpHb®) monitoring solution that seamlessly integrates into your workspace. Our patient monitoring solution combines the innovative monitoring capabilities of Philips IntelliVue with the advanced Masimo rainbow SET™, so you can experience: • Insights on real-time changes, or lack of changes, in a patient’s hemoglobin concentration throughout the course of a case • Seamless connectivity without adding new equipment to your workspace • Operational and cost efficiencies from enhanced workflow Now includes pulse CO-Oximetry, SpHb, PVi®, SpOC™, SpCO® and SpMet® measurements. Philips and Masimo. Focusing on continuous measurement monitoring so you can deliver better patient care. PLEASE VISIT US AT MEDICA 2017 HALL 9/ D60 Learn more about enhancing your patient monitoring with advanced blood measurement technology at www.philips.co.uk/healthcare/resources/landing/masimo Continuous measurement monitoring
Working together to deliver the future of measurements and monitoring Philips and Masimo have teamed up to provide a noninvasive, continuous, and real-time, hemoglobin (SpHb®) monitoring solution that seamlessly integrates into your workspace. Our patient monitoring solution combines the innovative monitoring capabilities of Philips IntelliVue with the advanced Masimo rainbow SET™, so you can experience: • Insights on real-time changes, or lack of changes, in a patient’s hemoglobin concentration throughout the course of a case • Seamless connectivity without adding new equipment to your workspace • Operational and cost efficiencies from enhanced workflow Philips and Masimo. Focusing on continuous measurement monitoring so you can deliver better patient care. Now includes pulse CO-Ox- imetry, SpHb, PVi®, SpOC™, SpCO® and SpMet® meas- urements. PLEASE VISIT US AT MEDICA 2017 HALL 9/ D60 Learn more about enhancing your patient monitoring with advanced blood measurement technology at www.philips.co.uk/healthcare/resources/landing/masimo Continuous measurement monitoring
1 0 T U E S D AY @ M E D I C A Drones take laboratory logistics to a new level A Swiss hospital group is using drones to fly medical laboratory specimens between its key centres, Mark Nicholls reports In what is believed to be a world first, the eight-hospital Ticino EOC organisation has partnered with Swiss Post and US drone manufac- turer Matternet to spearhead faster, more efficient specimens transport. The trial is being held for flights covering the 1.3 km between two of its Lugano hospitals, the Ospedale Civico and Ospedale Italiano. While each hospital has its own emergency room and laboratory, the laboratory at Ospedale Italiano, in the city centre, closes at 5pm and at weekends. ‘Presently the blood samples are transported between the two hospitals by local taxis,’ explained hospital director Luca Jelmoni. ‘This is, of course, subject to the availability and to traffic condi- tions. Therefore, to ensure transport that’s always available and economi- cally more interesting, we decided to apply the new technologies and use drones to transport our blood sam- ples in those time slots when one of the laboratories is closed.’ There are already clear benefits from using drones in this way: the transport time does not depend on traffic conditions or third parties, cost is lower than by taxi, and the drone can fly over hills and mountains, considerably reducing the length of transportation compared to the road. In addition, when snow makes road driving more difficult, drones will still operate and avoid delays in delivering specimens and test results. Whilst the distance between the hos- pitals is relatively small, Jelmoni told European Hospital that the drone can actually fly as far as 20 km, which means Ticino EOC is already consid- ering a future possibility of transport- ing laboratory samples from other hospitals even further away. The first phase of the initiative involved proving the technical feasi- bility and acquiring official licenses and permits for the autonomous flights over populated areas, and this has been completed. With the approval of the Federal Office for Civil Aviation (FOCA), the trial will now move to the second phase later this year, which will see drone trans- port integrated into the hospital pro- cesses. ‘That will be to test the integra- tion of drone transport with the Point-of-care testing enters the community The Laboratory Anywhere program Report: Mark Nicholls Point-of-care testing is being used to successfully deliver diagnostics to hard- to-access patients in a community in northwest England. The ‘Laboratory Anywhere’ pro- gramme initially targeted the Gujarati community to aid them with timely diagnosis for diabetes and cardiovascu- lar disease, but it is now being extend- ed to people with mental health issues and learning disabilities, and also to offer additional tests. Led by Dr Martin Myers, Associate Divisional Medical Director for Pathology for Lancashire Teaching Hospitals, he explained that the Laboratory Anywhere program is a value-orientated approach to delivering diagnostics where needed for a patient or a clinician to make decisions. Whilst central laboratories may offer economies of scale and special- ist testing, he suggests they can be remote from the patient pathway. The Laboratory Anywhere initiative bridges this gap. This is delivered via a multi- disciplinary team, with the Associate Divisional Medical Director of Pathology supported by healthcare scientists for the choice and verification of the diag- nostic devices, training, delivery, and informatics. The program also involves close liaison with clinical support staff and patients to ensure that the service is relevant and appropriate. Myers first set up the Point of Care Testing (POCT) Committee more than 20 years ago at Lancashire Teaching Hospitals and successfully implemented it in local hos- pitals and the community before the focus shifted, in 2001, towards deliv- ering diagnostics to ‘hard-to-access’ patients, such as the Gujarati commu- nity, which was seen as at a high risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease but were not always accessing the tra- ditional patient pathways. ‘Our principle was simple; we would take healthcare to the people rather than expect the people to follow our patient pathways,’ he explained. With Professors Romesh Gupta and Satyan Rajbhandari and others, the Lancashire Gujarat Health Users’ Forum was set up and Health Melas (health festivals) established to deliver health checks including glucose, cholesterol (performed by Healthcare Scientists) and physiological checks (performed by medical students from Manchester University) to identify at-risk patients. Now in its 15th year, the Health Mela has been extended to all mem- bers of society, with 4-6 events annu- ally. Learning and mental health issues From the initial tests for the Gujarati groups, Laboratory Anywhere now reaches patients with learning disabili- ties and will be rolled out to patients with mental health issues. ‘Both these groups are at risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease and are dying 10-20 years earlier than expected due to physical disease because of lack of access to simple diagnostic tests, or being needle pho- bic,’ Myers said. ‘This is unacceptable Martin Myers MBE is a Consultant Clinical Biochemist and Associate Divisional Medical Director for Pathology at Lancashire Teaching Hospitals, where he continuously addresses pathology re-design, using advanced automation and point of care testing (POCT). His scientific interests include the use of automation, POC testing and informatics in improving the quality of the diagnostic process, while his clinical interests include the use of laboratory testing to improve patient pathways. Luca Jelmoni became CEO of the two public 300+-bed hospitals in Lugano, Switzerland (Ospedale regionale di Lugano) in 2012. He graduated from the ETH Zurich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology) in 1992 and gained his MBA from Kellogg University in Chicago, USA. Initially he worked in the pharma- ceutical retail, business development and corpora te finance. In 2007 he became CEO of a leading Swiss clinic specialised in repro ductive medicine. industry, then in emergency room and laboratory pro- cesses,’ Jelmoni explained. ‘This will be supported by a specific device, being developed by the supplier, which will autonomously load and unload the drone and charge the batteries.’ Phase three will see day-to-day usage of drones to transport blood samples between the hospitals, with hospital staff launching the drone via a smartphone application. The drone will then fly autonomously along the predefined route to its destination, where another staff member will receive the box. Some observers have raised con- cerns that the acceleration and movement of drones might affect the quality and integrity of blood samples but, in a separate study con- ducted at John Hopkins University in Baltimore, researchers have shown this is not the case. The Matternet logistics drone used in Lugano is a quadrocopter, 80 cm in diameter (without rotor blades). Able to carry up to 2 kg, and with a top speed of 36 kmh, the drone can operate in temperatures of -10 to +40°C and at an altitude of 50-100 m above the ground. Safety features include a para- chute in case of total drone failure, but all the drones’ on-board critical components are replicated in case of malfunction. However, the test phase has seen more than 80 flights with- out any problems and the hospital believes transportation with drones will be as secure as transportation with a taxi. Once the drone meets all the strict requirements regarding safety, practicality and reliability, they will be in daily use between the two Ticino EOC hospitals – some time in 2018. Transportable equipment is a key factor for the Laboratory Anywhere program. C o urte sy of O rio n and the value-orientated Laboratory Anywhere model is designed to bring diagnosis to these patients.’ A Clinical Advisor to the Chief Scientific Officer of NHS England, Myers is leading a national pilot for the National Health Service (NHS) to deliver the Laboratory Anywhere model to these patient groups, with HbA1c, Total Cholesterol and HDL cholesterol measured. The hope is that the Laboratory Anywhere concept will be adopted throughout the UK and beyond, to diagnose and monitor diabetes and cardiovascular disease in hard-to-access groups in developing countries, where socio-economic and political issues have resulted in lack of laboratory ser- vices, Myers added. Laboratory Anywhere uses portable Lab-in-a-bag or Lab-in-a-Box technol- ogy to take to the patient. The devices vary depending on the purpose; for dia- betes and cardiovascular disease, sim- ple devices to measure HbA1c, glucose, cholesterol and HDL cholesterol on a finger prick blood sample are used, whilst for more complicated questions, such as assessing renal function, blood gases, and calcium, cartridge-based devices can measure up to 20 analytes at the same time from one blood sample. In a Health Mela, his team screens more than 200 people in six hours. However, he acknowledges that whilst measuring HbA1c and lipids in 4-8 minutes is good and glucose meters take seconds, he is keen to see devel- opments where the analytical time can come down to less than a minute for some tests. Into outreach services The Laboratory Anywhere model is also being used by outreach services (Sepsis and Acute Kidney Injury teams) with Myers’ team now about to implement the Lab oratory Anywhere for frailty units, care homes, urgent care centres and GP surgeries, with results captured on the patient record. Overall, the impact of Laboratory ‘remarkable’, Anywhere has been Myers said. ‘Patients enjoy the concept, and support what we are doing. As well as diagnosing some patients with diabetes and elevated lipids, many patients are identified as at risk and therefore we can intervene before disease develops. ‘Advances in technology,’ he con- cluded, ‘mean healthcare scientists can bring the laboratory wherever it’s need- ed and no longer can lack of access be used as an excuse for not reaching out to patients’. EH @ MEDICA No 2 2017
T U E S D AY @ M E D I C A 1 1 International experts highlight gaps in pandemic planning The world is underprepared for infectious diseases Dr Suerie Moon is Director of Research at the Global Health Centre, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva and adjunct Lecturer on Global Health at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. She was also Study Director of the Harvard-LSHTM Independent Panel on the Global Response to Ebola and co-founded and led the Forum on Global Governance for Health, a focal point at Harvard University for research, debate and strategic convening on issues at the intersection of global governance and health. Her research and teaching focus on global governance and the political economy of global health, focusing on areas such as outbreak preparedness and response. Report: Mark Nicholls A team of international experts has highlighted how the world remains ‘grossly underprepared’ for infectious disease outbreaks, which are likely to become more frequent in future decades. Led by Professor Suerie Moon at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, the researchers looked at progress and gaps in actions and concluded: ‘Ebola and, more recently, Zika and yellow fever, have demonstrated that we do not yet have a reliable or robust global system for preventing, detecting, and responding to disease outbreaks.’ The warning came after the team reviewed reports on the recent Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa and say better preparedness and a faster, more coordinated response could have prevented most of the 11,000 deaths directly attributed to Ebola and also the broader economic, social, and health crises that ensued. In August 2014, the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared the Ebola outbreak in West Africa a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). In the aftermath, several reports were published reviewing what went wrong and how infectious disease outbreaks should be better man- aged. However, a lack of clarity in terms of the main priorities and proposed reforms, led the researchers to look closer, synthesising seven major post- Ebola reports to assess recommenda- tions and progress. Their findings recognised that the reports differed in scope and diag- nosis of the key problems and rec- ommendations for action converged in three critical areas: strengthening 3D-rendering red blood cells infection with bacteria and virus compliance with the International Health Regulations (IHR); improv- ing outbreak-related research and knowledge sharing; reforming the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the broader humanitarian response system. According to the team, so far progress has been mixed in address- ing the issues raised. Key problems include the fact that investments in country capacity building have been inadequate and difficult to track; arrangements for fair and timely sharing of patient samples remain weak, and reform efforts at the WHO have focused on operational issues but have neglected to address deeper institutional shortcomings. The analysis authors say they found ‘remarkable consensus on what went wrong with the Ebola response’ and what is needed to address the deficiencies but so far ‘not nearly enough has been done’. Warning: prepare or face significant threats Moon has warned that being under- prepared for infectious disease is one of the most significant threats facing the global community: ‘The risk of emerging infectious diseases is increasing due to environmental degradation, increased human-ani- mal interaction, urbanisation, intensi- fied trade and travel, and inadequate investment in health systems. ‘It poses risks to all countries - the richest, poorest and all countries in between. The losses in human lives, health, and economic activity would be devastating. Estimates based on the risk of a major pandemic over the next century have found annualised losses in the range of between $60- $570 billion.’ In terms of next steps to avert crisis, Moon acknowledges that there has been significant progress since the 2014 Ebola outbreak. ‘But the glass is still half-empty, maybe even less than half,’ she warned. ‘Many different organisations need to take action to improve preparedness - local and national governments, intergovernmental organisations, companies, NGOs, academic institu- tions, and others. ‘I’d say three ingredients are espe- cially crucial now: political leader- ship to keep the issue on the global agenda, financing from richer and poorer countries alike, and a system to monitor what is and isn’t being done in order to achieve mutual accountability.’ The researchers urge the glob- al community ‘to mobilise greater resources and put in place monitor- ing and accountability mechanisms to ensure we are better prepared for the next pandemic’. Failure to do so, they conclude, could mean the world will not be prepared for the next outbreak. England’s first dedicated emergency unit Sepsis Team Rapid sepsis recognition saves lives Report: Mark Nicholls The UK’s first dedicated emergency department sepsis team has been set up in one of the country’s leading hospitals. Leicester Hospital’s created the team to recognise and manage sep- sis. The key aim is to strengthen the response, in a timely manner, to sep- sis cases admitted to the emergency department or to identify rapidly any patients who deteriorate within the unit. The team of medical professionals from various backgrounds includes personnel from intensive and critical care, emergency medicine and oper- ating theatres and is headed by con- sultant anaesthetist Dr John Parker, Lead Consultant for Leicester’s Hospital. Parker explained that the initiative follows ‘Time to Act’, the Parliamentary and Health Service Ombudsman report of 2013, which observed patient deaths in the NHS after failure to diagnose and rapidly treat severe sepsis. The document focused on 10 cases in which patients did not receive urgently needed treatment. EH @ MEDICA No 2 2017 The care failings appeared to occur mainly in the first few hours, when rapid diagnosis and simple treatment is critical for patient survival. From that, Leicester Hospital’s began a project in early 2014 and formed a ‘Sepsis Awareness’ group, bringing together the mentioned healthcare professionals, led by Dr Parker and Sepsis Lead Specialist Nurse Sarah Odams. A sepsis improvement project was put in place to raise staff awareness of sepsis, recognising that this is a life-threatening condition that arises when the body’s response to an infection injures its own tissues and organs and leads to shock, multiple organ failure and death if not recog- nised early and treated promptly. The trust also implemented meas- ures at that time to improve the man- agement of septic patients across the Trust’s hospitals. Since then, the response to sepsis has evolved in a number of ways. The Trust has written a bespoke ‘Sepsis Adult Screening & Immediate Action’ pathway, which has been shared with staff across hospitals in line with NICE (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence) and the UK Sepsis Trust protocols. ‘We have developed a range of training for our staff, primarily face-to-face,‘ Parker explained. ‘We will also soon have an e-learning package available. Sepsis Awareness Dr John Parker (centre) with the new emergency sepsis team training is now mandatory for our staff. We have also carried out regu- lar surveillance audits to make sure that staff are compliant with the care pathway.’ This has seen an improvement in the number of patients being given IV antibiotics and fluids within an hour, as recommended by NHS England, and recognition of sepsis across the Trust is now at 95-100%. ‘With funding from the NHS Litigation Authority, our new dedi- cated Sepsis Team will be in our Emergency Department, where two thirds of our patients present with the symptoms of sepsis,’ Parker pointed out. ‘On an average day there could be between five and 10 people coming into the Emergency Department with potentially life threatening sepsis. ‘The team will support the emer- gency team to recognise and imme- diately treat anyone who we sus- pect has sepsis. They will then help to make sure that patient gets the right care from emergency surgery to intensive care support.’
1 2 T U E S D AY @ M E D I C A Cutting time spent on fiddling with screens and devices Pixel perfect surgical displays Given the aim to provide ‘affordable care’, the economical organisation of operating theatres is critical. Surgical procedures also contribute as much as 60-70% of hospital revenues. Thus surgical efficiency and flexibility are paramount in surgical depart- ments. However, the huge amount of medical devices combined with con- stantly evolving imaging technologies can make changes between different An automated failover feature guarantees a backup signal at all times to ensure safe surgery surgical procedures and preferences time-consuming and possibly risky. imaging Healthcare specialist Barco has developed a surgical solu- tions portfolio to enable more effi- cient and effective use of an operat- ing room. Safe image-guided sur- gery Barco reports that it’s ‘surgical solu- tions work seamlessly together to provide precise images to any inte- grated, hybrid or interventional oper- ating room. The wide range of surgi- cal displays, combined with Nexxis for advanced video integration, fuels the quick adoption and pixel-perfect representation of current and new imaging technologies. So surgical staff can concentrate on patient care instead of spending critical time on fiddling with screens and devices. ‘This is quite crucial because, in image-guided surgery, the displays are the eyes of the surgeon. Barco’s Full HD and 4K surgical displays provide the right depth and col- our perception to offer the best visual guidance for surgeons. Every image is calibrated, rendered quickly, and displayed precisely, for perfect hand-eye coordination. In addition, a unique automated failover feature guarantees a backup signal at all times to ensure safe surgery.’ to a MarkeTechGroup 2016 survey), which is why Barco developed Nexxis for video integration. It’s the most flexible, scalable and reliable solution for managing images and video dur- ing surgical procedures. ‘Thanks to its intuitive plug and play approach (just plug the source into the system, and Nexxis will dis- play it anywhere inside or outside the operating room), Nexxis enables faster turnarounds in the operating The plug and play approach enables faster turnarounds in the operating room room and increases uptime. Because of the high flexibility of the system, you can keep pace with emerging technologies, so the OR is 100% future-proof. ‘In a time when healthcare effi- ciency is under scrutiny, it’s exactly these kind of solutions that will help healthcare professionals do more and perform better, with less.’ Barco’s complete line of surgical solutions is on show at this year’s fair in Dusseldorf. Maximum use of the operating room ‘Though the quality of surgical images may be impeccable, smooth display of those images during image-guided surgery can be prob- lematic,’ Barco points out. ‘In fact, it’s considered one of the biggest challenges by OR staff (according » Barco is at Medica Hall 10 / Stand F67 Top quality single-use suctions A pioneering single-use Diathermy Abbey Needle with suction that helps surgeons improve performance and outcomes during a range of pro- cedures is on show at this year’s Medica. Developed by Single Use Surgical, the firm reports that the device improves visibility at the surgi- cal site during submucosal diathermy (SMD), turbinectomy and breast sur- gery. ‘It offers a unique combination of precise cauterisation and targeted suction helping to remove surgical smoke and reduce the risks associ- ated with reprocessing a reusable monopolar device,’ the firm explains. Single Use Surgical was estab- lished in 2001 as a direct response to UK hospitals’ concerns over the clean- ing practices involving fine lumen instruments, and how it posed a high risk of cross contamination between patients, the company points out. ‘Since then, we have developed the widest range of high quality and spe- cialist single-use suctions capturing the same look, feel and functionality as the reusable equivalent.’ The manufacturer makes prod- ucts with stainless steel tubes rather than aluminium, which, it reports, has helped it to become a leading single-use medical device specialist. The range spans many specialties including ENT, head and neck, gynae- cology, laparoscopy, general and vas- cular surgery. The single-use Diathermy Abbey Needle improves visibility at the surgical site during submucosal diathermy (SMD), turbinectomy and breast surgery Single Use Surgical is at Medica Hall 16 / Stand F42 » Homogeneous shadowless light The flexible wall, ceiling or trolley mounted SOLED15 is an LED exami- nation light for multiple uses and places, e.g. first aid, minor surgery, intensive care, the recovery room, providing excellent light intensity from the IR-free light beam. With col- our temperature (CCT) of 4.500°K, colour rendering index (CRI) of 95, the system has low power consump- tion and long life. ‘The high technological level com- bined with the use of high-powered LEDs allow Soled15 to have a very linear yield and a negligible perfor- mance decay for its entire life dura- tion,’ Italian firm Acem Spa confirms. ‘Thanks to the high efficiency achieved, Soled15 has a light intensity of 65.000 Lux (85.000 Lux with Boost function) and a low power consump- tion (16W).’ ‘The new SEL function allows the selection of single parts of the light beam and activation of the desired LEDs in a sequential way accord- ing to requirements and needs,’ the firm reports. ‘The Boost function, or brightness increase, is used to obtain a maximum light intensity in case of a wide light field. This approximate 20% increase deactivates automati- cally after five minutes.’ Soled15 has a light intensity of 65.000 Lux (85.000 Lux with Boost function) Acem is at Medica Hall 10 / Stand E31 EH @ MEDICA No 2 2017
T U E S D AY @ M E D I C A 1 3 Each demand is individual to fit an individual Printing 3-D human parts Spine had worked and partnered with leading clinicians and research- ers for over 20 years to advance knowledge of both professionals and patients in addressing spinal patholo- gies and to develop products to treat spine disorders. Getting the right instruments to a surgeon who needs them can be an arduous process. ‘Prototyping, revisions, materials selection, cadaver testing and manu- facturing can create total wait times of many months. DePuy Spine was able to cut those lead times dramati- cally by employing the EOS technol- ogy. Enabling design-driven manufacturing ‘DePuy Spine was able to introduce a paradigm shift in part design, as such not designing for manufacturability anymore, but for functionality.’ the company points out. ‘The consulting doctors now can be very exact about their require- ments for tools such as blades, racks, tweezers, and callipers. CAD designs can be adjusted more easily and another duplication of a tool can be made – instead of just one – to give doctors more choice and greater flexibility. ‘Some opportunities the technol- ogy can offer are top in mind today: e.g. creating a point of care applica- tion, which is one of the many holy grails within the medical industry. ‘Imagine being able to go to any hospital and have whatever ailment you had treated on the spot,’ the manufacturer adds. ‘There’s still a long way ahead but it’s becoming more feasible while we continue to focus on material advancements and the continuing improvement of the technology.’ * Further case studies: https://www.eos.info/ case-studies?category=Medizin . t t O y d n a M : e c r u o S Climber and amputee C J Howard moves with his 3-D printed titanium climbing prosthetic, at Luther Spires in the South Lake Tahoe, CA area e n i p S y u P e D : e c r u o S Prototype of a Plate Bender, used to contour plates for spinal surgery adopted ‘Orthopaedics the approach very early on. So let’s take the example of a professional rock climber who experienced a complex fracture in his ankle that couldn’t be repaired. ‘Through medical scans, an exact replica of the climber’s ankle was reconstructed in a program that communicated a specific design to the EOS system. The 3-D printing technology was able to create a part that closely matched his anatomy and, once implanted, the climber’s recovery was quick because he had a more specific joint replacement rather than an ankle fusion or trauma plates that may not have allowed him to return to climbing. ‘Beyond patient specificity, indus- trial 3-D printing also enables a greater complexity in surgical equip- ment design. EOS customer DePuy for an a n d “custom serial production” improved medical care. Everyone is unique – and so is human anatomy. Thus orthopae- dics or implantology call for medical products that provide a perfect fit and demand is high for one-off com- ponents, or small production runs. At the same time, the materials used and manufacturing standards applied must fulfil extremely stringent quality control. This also holds for special- ised surgical instruments and medical devices, which must be produced quickly and cost-effectively. ‘EOS, the world’s leading technol- ogy supplier in the field of industrial 3-D printing of metals and polymers, enables exactly this,’ the company reports. ‘Based on 3-D CAD data, parts are built layer by layer, by depositing powder material instead of, for example, milling a workpiece from solid block by removing mate- rial. Enabling design-driven manufacturing ‘Where conventional manufactur- ing reaches its limits, industrial 3-D printing permits a design-driven manufacturing process allowing pro- ducers to come up with faster, more flexible and cost-effective develop- ment and production methods. Unlike conventional manufacturing methods, 3-D printing as such allows for maximum design flexibility and functional integration. Thus, test series, proto- types, patient-specific one-off parts and small production runs can be manufactured at a profit. ‘The medical sector recognised this and has been among the early adopting industries. Industrial 3-D printing is meeting their require- ments, supporting both sur- geons and patients. Different patient populations around the world require different parameters for surgical equipment and medical implants. With addi- tive manufacturing, patient-specific designs are possible, paving the way Homogeneous shadowless light The easy-to-move rounded structure suits multiple medical areas EH @ MEDICA No 2 2017 The Surgeon’s ChoiceNew Range including Dermatology t +44 (0)1792 797910 e email@example.com w www.dtrmedical.comTO EXPERIENCE THE PRECISION OF DTR MEDICAL STERILE SINGLE-USE INSTRUMENTS PLEASE CONTACT US
1 4 T U E S D AY @ M E D I C A Launching: the portable medical imaging workstation Danish firm Plum Medical Solutions is launching its 2nd generation MED- TAB, reported to be the world’s first portable medical imaging worksta- tion. ‘It’s the only standards com- pliant portable device available for use in radiology and medical image analysis,’ the manufacturer explains. Designed, developed and refined over a five-year period by a radiolo- gist, Dr Arpad Bischofe and team, the portable medical applications system is packed with functions dedicated to healthcare imaging. Dr Bischofe explains that the sys- tem enables safe, secure reporting anywhere, anytime. ‘I’m no longer anchored to the reading room. I can work around the hospital and close up to patients as I see fit, or remotely, like when I’m on-call, at home or anywhere else. It’s giving me so much flexibility. I never thought radiology could be like this.’ Made to work with its own Port- Ray software as an integrated part of the PACS or with almost all zero- footprint universal viewers from lead- ing PACS companies, the system’s unique features include: IDICOM grayscale and colour operation via one-touch button IDICOM hardware calibration Plum is at Medica Hall 15 / Stand E05 A fully automated mixing and dispensing station IAmbient light sensor and condi- tions indicator ILarge 13.3” touch-screen display IIntegrated precision measure- ment pen IIntegrated dual-purpose carry case/non-slip display stand IAutomatic portrait and land- scape orientations ICertified medical device ‘Plum is a daughter company of the London-based PACS vendor Image Information Systems,’ the Danish firm reports. ‘It is the only company in the world dedicated to portable diagnostic imaging and cloud-based medical communication systems.’ Contact free formaldehyde dilution Formaldehyde is used as preserva- tive for biological samples (par- ticularly in human and veterinary medicine) making this one of the most frequently used chemicals in pathologies. However, with every breath, laboratory staff takes up the harmful vapours of this carcinogenic chemical. ‘We have developed a fully automated formalin mixing and dis- pensing system for contact-free for- malin mixing to reduce the contact between laboratory staff and forma- lin to a minimum, which at the same time also significantly decreases for- malin contamination in laboratories,’ manufacturer Kugel Medical reports. Due to its compact design, the Formamix is also suitable for small laboratories, the company adds. ‘All operations, such as preparing a 3.7% standard formalin solution for tis- sue sample fixation, or a customised solution with variable quantities of formaldehyde, water and a buffer solution, are controlled through the new touch display. Kugel is at Medica Hall 3 / Stand E93 been more important than now, especially energy recovery and fil- tration of pollutants play a main role in pathologies. This is why the Formamix can be easily connected to the on-site ventilation system, or operated through eco-friendly activated carbon filters to ensure that all vapours are vacuumed away safely and efficiently. ‘Electronic and mechanical safety precautions keep liquids from overflowing to guarantee the utmost safety while Formamix is in use.’ ‘The integrated microprocessor allows you to save and recall your settings for later use. The prepared mixture can be drained directly from a tap at the device, or transferred to multiple remote stations that can be up to 200 metres away – a particu- larly interesting feature for laborato- ries with working stations in different rooms. ‘The integrated pump enables you to dispense the exact quantity of the prepared formalin solution with- out dripping or leaking,’ Kugel out, points adding: ‘On the technical side, exhaust and ventila- tion technol- ogy has never A world without pressure The pioneering mattr To coincide with Pressure Injury Prevention Day on 16 November, United Kingdom manufacturer Rober Ltd is again at Medica highlighting how advanced technology can help ‘stop the pressure’. The company’s intensive care pres- sure ulcer mattress is designed to offer pressure ulcer relief to immobile and critically ill patients. ‘The Wizard combines Rober’s signature alter- nating pressure cell design with an impressive tilt facility,’ the maker explains. ‘This action gently turns the patient onto their side, comfortably and correctly. ‘The mattress replicates the body’s natural movements by responding to a patient’s weight, spontaneous movement pattern and body posi- tion. It also provides enhanced com- The mattress replicates the body’s natural movements by responding to a patient’s weight, spontaneous movement pattern and body position fort and complete pressure elimina- tion at regular intervals. ‘The technology prevents pressure injuries from developing and also includes therapeutic properties that promote the healing of established ulcers.’ Rober is at Medica Hall 16 / Stand G18-6 Spain: Mélisande Rouger, Eduardo de la Sota. The Netherlands: Madeleine van de Wouw. USA: Cynthia E. Keen, i.t. Communications, Lisa Chamoff. Subscriptions Liane Kaiser, Theodor-Althoff-Str. 45, 45133 Essen, Germany Subscription rate 6 issues: 42 Euro, Single copy: 7 Euro. Send order and cheque to: European Hospital Subscription Dept Printed by: druckpartner, Essen, Germany Publication frequency: bi-monthly Representatives China & Hongkong: Gavin Hua, Sun China Media Co, Ltd. Phone: +86- 0755-81 324 036 E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Germany, Austria, Switzerland: Ralf Mateblowski Phone: +49 6735 912 993, E-Mail: email@example.com EH @ MEDICA No 2 2017 Editor-in-Chief: Brenda Marsh Art Director: Olaf Skrober Editorial team: Wolfgang Behrends, Lena Petzold, Marcel Rasch Senior Writer: John Brosky Executive Director: Daniela Zimmermann Founded by Heinz-Jürgen Witzke ISSN 0942-9085 Correspondents Austria: Michael Kraßnitzer, Christian Pruszinsky. China: Nat Whitney France: Jane MacDougall. Germany: Anja Behringer, Annette Bus, Walter Depner, Brigitte Dinkloh, Cornelia Wels-Maug, Holger Zorn. Great Britain: Mark Nicholls. Malta: Moira Mizzi.
T U E S D AY @ M E D I C A 1 5 Augmenting antibody services and assay development Acquisition: BBI gains MBS BBI Solutions (BBI), immunoas- say developer and reagent suppli- er, acquired Maine Biotechnology Services Inc. (MBS) in July 2017, adding antibody development to the firm’s end to end assay development services. This also strengthens BBI’s reagents antibodies portfolio, pro- viding a wide range of high quality biomarkers for infectious disease. MBS, based in Portland, Maine (USA), has been a leader in custom antibody development services for over 27 years. The firm’s techni- cal team brings unique hybridoma screening and characterisation pro- tocols to BBI clients. ‘Through this acquisition, BBI Solutions now has the opportunity to partner with IVD development customers earlier in their R&D process, delivering anti- bodies screened and selected specifi- cally for their end use applications,’ BBI reports. and Customer support will also be available through antigen review, cGMP antibody production, puri- fication, characterisation. ‘Availability of in-house antibody capabilities will be particularly advan- tageous to lateral flow development customers who can now work with BBI from planning a reagent strategy, through to final diagnostic produc- tion,’ the firm adds. ‘Having one comprehensive pro- vider will allow customers to seam- lessly identify and prevent antibody performance risks, both during development and over the lifetime The acquisition strengthens BBI’s reagents antibodies portfolio BBI is at Medica Hall 3A / Stand 3AB02-1 of the immunoassay kit manufactur- ing.’ Products added to BBI Solutions from MBS include antibodies rec- ognising myeloperoxidase, cortisol, osteopontin, PEG, Ig controls, His- tag, norovirus, rotavirus, adenovirus, chikungunya virus, zika virus, and dengue fever. Go to: www.bbisolutions.com, or visit www.mainebiotechnology.com to read more about BBI antibody development services. » The pioneering mattress The House Curette and New, sterile and single-use tools Rosen Needle DTR Medical Ltd is at Medica Hall 16 / Stand F42 » the Needle offers a sharp tip that ensures precision you can rely on in delicate operations,’ the manufac- turer points out. Expanding the portfolio fur- ther this year is the launch of a Dermatology range which includes a selection of instruments. Award-winning UK manufacturer of sterile single-use surgical instru- ments, DTR Medical is showcasing their new House Curette and Rosen Needle at Medica this year. ‘The House Curette includes sharp, dual action tips that scrape and scoop tough cortical bone during middle ear procedures,’ the firm explains. ‘The double-ended stainless steel instrument has clearly labelled 2.0 and 3.0mm ends, giving the surgeon the flexibility they need. ‘To enhance control, the Curette is engineered with flat, serrated 180mm handles to increase function- ality, enabling ease of entry within the ear cavity.’ Also in DTR’s expanded ENT range is a new sterile single-use Rosen Needle. ‘Constructed to create a clean inci- sion in the ear drum when used dur- ing surgeries such as Tymplanoplasty, ‘As a UK designer and manufac- turer of pressure ulcer prevention technology, exhibitions like Medica are vital for us to showcase tech- nology such as the Wizard on a global scale,’ said Mike Hutson, Chief Executive of Rober. ‘The exhibition once again ties in with World Wide Pressure Injury Prevention Day so it supports our ultimate aim to help stop the pressure globally.’ France, Italy, Spain: Eric Jund Phone: +33 493 58 77 43, E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org GB, Scandinavia, BeNeLux: Simon Kramer Phone/Fax: +31 180 6200 20 E-Mail: email@example.com Israel: Hannah Wizer, International Media Dep. of El-Ron Adv. & PR Co., Ltd., Phone: +972-3-6 955 367 E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org South Korea: CH Park, MCI Phone: +82 2 730 1234, E-Mail: email@example.com Taiwan: Charles Yang, Phone: +886 4 232 236 33, E-Mail: medianet@ms13. hinet.net USA & Canada: Hanna Politis, Media International Phone: +1 301 869 66 10, E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org All company, brand and product names in this publication are the property of their respective holders. Users must obtain permission from those holders before copying or using the owner’s trademarks, product and company names or logos. EH @ MEDICA No 2 2017
Caring for Lifethrough InnovationHD-500High DefinitionVideo Endoscopy SystemYizhe Building, Yuquan RoadShenzhen, 518051, ChinaTel: 86-755-26722890Fax: 86-755-26722850E-mail: Market@sonoscape.netwww.sonoscape.net10G04 in Hall 109E25 in Hall 9SONOSCAPE MEDICAL CORP.